nuestrAmérica Journal of Social Research en-US (Ismael Cáceres-Correa) (Ismael Cáceres-Correa) Mon, 12 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Policy Dynamics of the pink tide of regime change in Latin America <p>The purpose of this paper is to advance an argument that might explain the dynamics of recent political developments in Latin America. The argument is constructed as follows. First, I review the dynamics of what Raúl Zibechi (2012) has described as the new geoeconomics of capital in Latin America and the corresponding politics. The paper then elaborates on certain dynamics associated with the political economy of two types of capitalism, with reference here to the particular way in which these forms of capital are combined in the current context of capitalist development in the region. The third part of the paper provides a brief review of the economic and political dynamics that led to the pink tide of regime change in South America. Subsequently, we provide a brief review and analysis of the policy dynamics of the governments formed in the wake of this seatide of regime change and the associated progressive cycle in Latin American politics. The paper then turns towards the recent pendulum swing of electoral politics towards the hard right of neoliberal policy reform. The paper ends with a brief discussion of the forces that might be involved in what appears to be the end of the progressive cycle. The conclusion is that the answer can be found in various contradictions of extractive capitalism.</p> Henry Veltmeyer Copyright (c) 2020 Henry Veltmeyer Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The sticky myth of economic growth and the critique of development <p>Starting from an ECLAC confession of the exhaustion of development, the role given to the ideas of growth and development is analyzed, including a review of its historical construction and some recent criticisms. Despite the different varieties of development applied in Latin America, they all share a commitment to economic growth as an indispensable attribute of development. The idea of growth is identified among the elements that make up the conceptual and affective foundations that supports all varieties of development, and therefore becomes immune to critiques and facts. This confession of ECLAC is discussed considering development strategies by progressivist governments and also facing the Covid-19 pandemic, where the attachment to economic growth is repeated. It is concluded that to dismantle the growth myth, the first step is to tackle that foundation, both in its concepts and sensibilities, break its shield and offer alternatives beyond all varieties of development.</p> Eduardo Gudynas Copyright (c) 2021 Eduardo Gudynas Wed, 03 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Myth, Morality and ‘Politicization’ the radicalization scenario of Brazilian conservatism <p>After the "manifestations of June" in 2013 the extra institutional political landscape has changed, with the inclusion of individuals that were away from the spheres of decision-making participation. On the other hand, this did not mean the politicization of the layers that are presented as a source of pressure. What happened was significant simplification of the political debate and the polarization of it, between "left" and "right", "petralhas" and "coxinha" among other names. Therefore, the article aims to analyze this diffusion phenomenon and at the same time, policy advisory services, with emphasis on the use made by conservative and authoritarian proposals.</p> Felipe Azevedo Cazetta Copyright (c) 2021 Felipe Azevedo Cazetta Thu, 15 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Critical Development Theory: Results and Perspectives <p>This article carries out a genealogy of critical development theory in relation to Marxism, which has played a dominant role in the field of development study. He traces the complex points of view of Karl Marx himself, to later show the turn made by Leninism, the practice of development in the socialist world, to finally assume the challenge of post-development. Our emphasis is on tensions and contradictions and we do not assume a linear development of a unified theory of critical development.</p> Ronaldo Munck Copyright (c) 2020 Ronaldo Munck Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Hate Speech: Comparative Analysis of Extremism Languages <p>The article deals with the formation of a fascist, ultra-rightist or national-populist language as a fundamental prior procedure for the establishment of fascist / ultra-rightist forms of domination both in cases of historical fascism - those that existed between 1920 and 1945 - and in the processes of resurgence in the present time of fascism. In contrast to economistic reductionism, we consider language as a fundamental phenomenon in the process of building fascist domination, far from being a mere "smokescreen." Fascist language articulates a series of syntagms and words that, by repetition and saturation, normalize the improbable, the inhuman, the illogical and the irrational, lowering the level of political debate and becoming an indispensable link between individuals in process of fascistization.</p> Francisco Carlos Teixeira Da Silva Copyright (c) 2020 Francisco Carlos Teixeira Da Silva Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000